Sleep apnea and cardiovascular issues

An abundance of research has focused on the connection between sleep apnea and cardiovascular or heart issues. Some of the key findings include:

  • Causes hypoxia, increased intrathoracic pressure swings due to the attempts to breathe during an apnea, and activation of the sympathetic nervous system—all of which have many negative consequences for the cardiovascular system.1-4
  • Is strongly associated with hypertension, independent of all relevant risk factors.5-8
  • Is present in more than 30% of patients with hypertension.9
  • Occurs in 80% patients with drug resistant hypertension.10
  • Treated with CPAP may result in a clinically significant drop in blood pressure. This drop is sufficient to reduce risk of a coronary heart disease event by 37% and stroke risk by 56%.11,12,13
  • Treatment with CPAP in patients who also have heart failure, improves left ventricular function.15
  • Is common in patients with cardiovascular disease and occurs in 50% atrial fibrillation patients.16
  • Patients have increased levels of inflammatory, oxidative and vascular endothelial effect markers, which are associated with atherogenesis. These markers are improved when the sleep apnea is treated with CPAP.17-20
  • When severe, significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular events. Treatment with CPAP reduces this risk.21,22

 

References

More research