Sleep apnea treatment options
There are a variety of sleep apnea treatment options that have varying levels of effectiveness. Learn more about them here to help you decide on the best option for your patient.
Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy
Positive airway pressure therapy is widely regarded as the most effective way to treat OSA and certain types of central sleep apnea (CSA). It works by creating a "pneumatic splint" for the upper airway, preventing the soft tissues of the upper airway from narrowing and collapsing. Pressurized air is sent from a therapy device through air tubing and a mask that patients wear over their face, through to the upper airway.
As a result of positive airway pressure therapy, patients with severe sleep apnea may experience a return to a normal sleep pattern once his or her sleep debt resolves. ResMed’s AirSense and AirCurve Series of devices help patients consistently sleep through the
CPAP, APAP and bilevel therapy
Positive airway pressure therapy can be delivered in a number of modes:
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which delivers pressurized air at one fixed pressure.
- Automatic positive airway pressure (APAP) therapy – which automatically adjusts pressure levels based on a patient’s breathing – may be particularly suited to patients with REM-related sleep apnea, positional apnea or those who are noncompliant with standard CPAP therapy.
- Bilevel therapy – which provides higher inspiratory pressure and lower expiratory pressure – can also be effective for certain patients who are non-compliant. Bilevel therapy can be used to treat conditions other than obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and is the first line of treatment for a
wide-rangeof respiratory disorders.
Oral appliance therapy
Indications for custom MRDs
MRDs are the first line of treatment* for mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients who:
- Do not adhere to PAP treatment
- Prefer MRDs over PAP treatment
- Fail behavioral treatment measures
- Are inappropriate candidates for or fail to comply with CPAP
MRDs are the second line treatment for severe
ResMed’s NarvalTM CC is the first MRD that is manufactured using CAD/CAM technology to ensure the absolute best fit for patients, leading to high compliance and efficacy.2
*American Academy of Sleep Medicine Practice Parameters, Update 2006
Alternative treatment options
Surgery is also an option for treating sleep apnea, but as with all surgeries, has associated risks. Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP), the most commonly performed surgical procedure for OSA in the U.S., is a treatment option with a somewhat low rate of success.
Patient outcomes and comorbidities
Helping your patients start and continue with the most effective sleep apnea treatment can help them take back control of their lives. Effective treatment can reverse the effects of daytime sleepiness, fatigue, moodiness
There are also a variety of serious comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes