Restrictive lung disease refers to a group of thoracic deformities that result in inefficient coupling between the respiratory muscles and the thoracic cage. The disorders are usually characterised by a restrictive defect and share the potential to cause long term hypercapnic respiratory failure.1
The most common thoracic abnormality leading to respiratory failure is thoracoplasty. Scoliosis and/or kyphoscoliosis may also cause severe respiratory failure.
Symptoms of respiratory failure include:
- dyspnoea on exertion1
- peripheral edema1
- morning headaches1
- poor sleep quality1
- loss of appetite.