The role of non-invasive ventilation in the treatment of COPD
If you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), you may have trouble breathing properly. When you breathe in, your lungs may not absorb enough oxygen (O2), and when you breathe out, you may have trouble getting rid of the waste gas, carbon dioxide (CO2).
If you were in hospital, your doctor may have prescribed ventilation. This is to help your lungs exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide more efficiently. Your doctor may also decide that you need to keep on using ventilation at home if you have:
Low levels of oxygen or high levels of carbon dioxide in your blood.
The most preferred type of ventilation in hospital and at home is non-invasive ventilation.
With non-invasive ventilation, you wear a mask that is attached via an air tube to a portable ventilator.You may be prescribed ventilation for use during sleep and during the day.
How non-invasive ventilation works
Benefits of non-invasive ventilation
Non-invasive ventilation provides a number of benefits for certain COPD patients.
In the hospital, it can help by:
Enabling you to go home sooner.1
At home, it can help by:
Lowering the risk of hospital readmission
Improving your quality of life and survival. 2,3,4
Your doctor can advise whether home non-invasive ventilation is suitable for you.
Ram F et al. Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for treatment of respiratory failure due to exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;CD004104.
02Galli JA et al. Home non-invasive ventilation use following acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in COPD. Respir Med. 2014;108(5):722-8.
03Koehnlein T et al. Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation for the treatment of severe stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – A prospective, multicentre, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2014;2:698-705.
04Duiverman ML et al. Two-year home-based nocturnal non-invasive ventilation added to rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respir Res. 2011;12(112).