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The symptoms of sleep disorders and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are important to recognise in patients.
Some of the most recognisable symptoms of sleep disorders are daytime sleepiness and snoring, even though many patients ignore these signs or fail to recognise these as symptoms.
Other symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing may include: 1
If your patient presents with any of the above symptoms, it's important to talk to them about the potential risk of sleep apnoea and recommend a sleep test if you believe this is necessary.
In Australia, obesity is increasing and also may be the most common risk factor in developing OSA2
Obstructive Sleep apnoea affects up to 5.7% of children3, with common symptoms including:
There are a number of risk factors that could also predispose children to having sleep-disordered breathing, including:
If symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing are observed in a child, it's important to either refer the child to a paediatric sleep physician or recommend a sleep test to determine whether he or she has a breathing disorder.
Find out how to request a sleep test.
Greenfeld, M., Tauman, R., DeRowe, A., & Sivan, Y. 2003. ‘Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy in infants’. Journal of pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 67, no. 10, pp. 1055-1060.
Lam, Derek J., Jensen, Christine C., Mueller, Beth A., Starr, Jacqueline R., Cunningham, Michael L., & Weaver, Edward M. 2010 ‘Pediatric Sleep Apnea and Craniofacial Anomalies: A population-Base case – Control Study’. Laryngoscope, vol. 120, no. 10, pp. 2098-2015.
Redline, S., Tishler, PV., Schluchter, M., Aylor, J., Clark, K., & Graham, G. 1999, ‘Risk Factors for Sleep-disordered breathing in children – Associations with obesity, race and respiratory problems’. American Journal of respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 159, no. 5, pp. 1527-1532.
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